ADVANCED FOOT CARE SPECIALISTS, P.C.

240 W. Passaic Street Ste 4

Maywood, New Jersey 07607


                                        Notice of Privacy Practices





Advanced Foot Care Specialist, P.C. (the “Practice”), in accordance with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and regulations promulgated thereunder, commonly known as HIPAA and federal Privacy Rule, 45 CFR parts 160 and 164 (the “Privacy Rule”) and applicable state law, is committed to maintaining the privacy of your protected health information (“PHI”).  PHI includes information about your health condition and the care and treatment you receive from the Practice and is often referred to as your health care or medical record.  This Notice explains how your PHI may be used and disclosed to third parties.  This Notice also details your rights regarding your PHI.


Your Protected Health Information

            We collect protected health information from you through treatment, payment and related healthcare operations, the application and enrollment process, and/or healthcare providers or health plans, or through other means, as applicable.  Your protected health information that is protected by law broadly includes any past, present and future healthcare information.  Your protected health information includes any information that is created or received through oral, written or electronic communications by certain health care entities, including health care providers, such as physicians and hospitals, as well as, health insurance companies or plans.  The law specifically protects health information that contains data consisting of eighteen (18) identifiers described in the HIPAA Privacy Rule including but not limited to your name, address, social security number, date of birth and others that could be used to identify you as the individual patient who is associated with that health information.


How the Practice May Use and

Disclose Your Protected Health Information


Generally, we may not use or disclose your protected health information without your permission.  Further, once your permission has been obtained, we must use or disclose your protected health information in accordance with the specific terms of that permission.  The following uses and disclosures require an authorization: 

(1)   Most uses and disclosures of psychotherapy notes;
(2)   Uses and Disclosures of protected health information for marketing purposes unless

(i) the communication occurs face-to-face;

(ii) consists of marketing gifts of nominal value;

(iii) is regarding a prescription refill reminder that is for a prescription currently prescribed or a generic equivalent;

(iv) is for treatment pertaining to existing condition(s) and the Practice does not receive any financial remuneration in either case or cash equivalent; and/or

(v) communication from a healthcare provider to recommend or direct alternative treatments, therapies, healthcare providers, or settings of care when the Practice does not receive any financial remuneration for making the communication; and

(3)  Disclosures that constitute a sale of protected health information

The following are the circumstances under which the Practice is permitted by law to use or disclose your protected health information. The Practice, in accordance with this Notice and without asking for your express consent or authorization, may use and disclose your PHI for the purposes of:


Treatment – To provide you with the health care you require, the Practice may use and disclose your PHI to those health care professionals, whether on the Practice’s staff or not, so that it may provide, coordinate, plan and manage your health care.

Examples of treatment activities include: (a) the provision, coordination, or management of health care and related services by health care providers; (b) consultation between health care providers relating to a patient; or (c) the referral of a patient for health care from one health care provider to another.

Payment – To get paid for services provided to you, the Practice may provide your PHI, directly or through a billing service, to a third party who may be responsible for your care, including insurance companies and health plans.  If necessary, the Practice may use your PHI in other collection efforts with respect to all persons who may be liable to the Practice for bills related to your care. 

Examples of payment activities include: (a) billing and collection activities and related data processing; (b) actions by a health plan or insurer to obtain premiums or to determine or fulfill its responsibilities for coverage and provision of benefits under its health plan or insurance agreement, determinations of eligibility or coverage, adjudication or subrogation of health benefit claims; (c) medical necessity and appropriateness of care reviews, utilization review activities; and (d) disclosure to consumer reporting agencies of information relating to collection of premiums or reimbursement. (e) the Practice may need to provide the Medicare program with information about health care services that you received from the Practice so that the Practice can be reimbursed. 

Health Care Operations – To operate in accordance with applicable law and insurance requirements, and to provide quality and efficient care, the Practice may need to compile, use and disclose your PHI. 

Examples of health care operations include: (a) development of clinical guidelines; (b) contacting patients with information about treatment alternatives or communications in connection with case management or care coordination; (c) reviewing the qualifications of and training health care professionals; (d) underwriting and premium rating; (e) medical review, legal services, and auditing functions; and (f) general administrative activities such as customer service and data analysis.

                                                                            OTHER USE & DISCLOSURE WHICH MAY



The Practice may use or disclose your protected health information to the extent that such use or disclosure is required by law and the use or disclosure complies with and is limited to the relevant requirements of such law. The Practice may also use and disclose your PHI without your consent or authorization in the following instances:


 De-identified Information – The Practice may use and disclose health information that may be related to your care but does not identify you and cannot be used to identify you. The Practice will remove all 18 identifiable characteristics from your PHI prior to it being used.


Business Associate – The Practice may use and disclose PHI to one or more of its business associates if the Practice obtains satisfactory written assurance, in accordance with applicable law, that the business associate will appropriately safeguard your PHI.  A business associate is an entity that assists the Practice in undertaking some essential function, such as a billing company that assists the office in submitting claims for payment to insurance companies.


Family/Friends or Personal Representative The Practice may disclose to a family member, other relative, a close personal friend, or any other person identified by you (Personal Representative), your PHI directly relevant to such person’s involvement with your care or the payment for your care.  The Practice may also use or disclose your PHI to notify or assist in the notification (including identifying or locating) a family member, a personal representative, or another person responsible for your care, of your location, general condition or death.  However, in both cases, the following conditions will apply:

(i)                 If you are present at or prior to the use or disclosure of your PHI, the Practice may use or disclose your PHI if you agree, or if the Practice can reasonably infer from the circumstances, based on the exercise of its professional judgment, that you do not object to the use or disclosure.

(ii)               If you are not present, the Practice will, in the exercise of professional judgment, determine whether the use or disclosure is in your best interests and, if so, disclose only the PHI that is directly relevant to the person’s involvement with your care.

Emergency Situations – The Practice may use and disclose PHI for the purpose of obtaining or rendering emergency treatment to you provided that the Practice attempts to obtain your consent as soon as possible:  The Practice may also use and disclose PHI to a public or private entity authorized by law or by its charter to assist in disaster relief efforts, for the purpose of coordinating your care with such entities in an emergency situation.

Public Health Activities – The Practice may use and disclose PHI when required by law to provide information to a public health authority. Public health activities including, preventing or controlling disease or other injury, public health surveillance or investigations, reporting adverse events with respect to food or dietary supplements or product defects or problems to the Food and Drug Administration, medical surveillance of the workplace or to evaluate whether the individual has a work-related illness or injury in order to comply with Federal or state law.

Abuse, Neglect or Domestic Violence – The Practice may use and disclose PHI when authorized by law to provide information if it believes that the disclosure is necessary to prevent serious harm or disclosures regarding victims of abuse, neglect, or domestic violence including, reporting to social service or protective services agencies.

Health Oversight Activities – The Practice may use and disclose PHI when required by law. Health oversight activities including, audits, civil, administrative, or criminal investigations, inspections, licensure or disciplinary actions, or civil, administrative, or criminal proceedings or actions, or other activities necessary for appropriate oversight of government benefit programs.

Judicial and Administrative Proceeding – The Practice may use and disclose PHI in judicial and administrative proceedings in response to an order of a court or administrative tribunal, a warrant, subpoena, discovery request, or other lawful process. 

Law Enforcement Purposes – The Practice may use and disclose PHI, when authorized, to a law enforcement official.  For example, your PHI may be released for the purpose of identifying or locating a suspect, fugitive, material witness, or missing person, or reporting crimes in emergencies, reporting a death or may be the subject of a grand jury subpoena. 

Coroner, Medical Examiners and Funeral Directors – The Practice may use and disclose PHI to a coroner or medical examiner for the purpose of identifying you or determining your cause of death.  We may also release protected health information to funeral directors as necessary for them to carry out their duties. 

Organ, Eye or Tissue Donation – The Practice may use and disclose PHI if you are an organ donor to the entity to whom you have agreed to donate your organs.

Research – The Practice may use and disclose PHI subject to applicable legal requirements if the Practice is involved in research activities. 

Avert a Threat to Health or Safety – The Practice may use and disclose PHI if it believes that such disclosure is necessary to prevent or lessen a serious and imminent threat to the health or safety of a person or the public and the disclosure is to an individual who is reasonably able to prevent or lessen the threat.

Specialized Government Functions – The Practice may use and disclose PHI when authorized by law with regard to certain military and veteran activity.

Workers’ Compensation – The Practice may use and disclose PHI if you are involved in a Workers’ Compensation claim to an individual or entity that is part of the Workers’ Compensation system. These programs provide benefits for work-related injuries or illness. 

National Security and Intelligence Activities – The Practice may use and disclose PHI to authorized governmental officials with necessary intelligence information for national security activities and intelligence activities, protective services of the President and others and medical suitability determinations by entities that are components of the Department of State.

Military and Veterans – The Practice may use and disclose PHI if you are a member of the armed forces, as required by the military command authorities.

Treatment Alternatives -We may use and disclose your protected health information to manage and coordinate your healthcare and inform you of treatment alternatives that may be of interest of you.  This may include telling you about treatments, services, products and/or other healthcare providers. 

Advice of Appointment and Services